Sudanese migrants who fled fighting and turmoil in Darfur are facing war once again, caught for three weeks in the crossfire as Libyan unity government forces battle strongman Khalifa Haftar.
After often brutal journeys, they have been forced to take refuge at a school in centre of Tripoli which was shuttered by authorities last week as fighting near the capital peaked.
In the building’s multi-coloured corridors, children laugh and race past classrooms where chairs and desks have been pushed aside to make way for mattresses.
Laundry dries in the yard under the sun as adults huddle in the shade.
“I fled one war only to find another war,” sighed Alawia, a mother in her forties.
The Sudanese woman from Darfur was living in Saadia southwest of Tripoli with her three children when the clashes erupted.
“At first, we thought the fighting would stop after two or three days, then the planes started dropping bombs”
“I took my children and left without knowing where to go.”
‘No life here’
The UN says fighting in Tripoli’s southern suburbs has displaced at least 35,000 people since Haftar’s forces on April 4 launched their bid for the capital, seat of the internationally recognised Government of National Accord.
They include some 100 people mostly from Darfur that have taken shelter at the Ahmad Ibn Chatwan school, with help from the Libyan Red Crescent.
“We are feeling some safety. We heard news that the fighting continues but we get the smile of life here. There’s water and food,” said 38-year-old Abdelrassoul, speaking in English, his voice quivering.
For him, like many others at the makeshift shelter, the school is the umpteenth stop of a painful odyssey.
Tears roll down his cheeks as he recalls his “totally destroyed” village in Darfur where his family was killed in 2003, the refugee camp he was forced to move to, and the arduous journey north to Egypt and then Libya a few years later.
The brutal conflict in his home region claimed some 300,000 lives and saw the government accused of war crimes as it battled ethnic minority rebels.
Abdelrassoul said he was kidnapped three times in Libya before arriving to Tripoli in September with plans “to cross the sea to Europe”.
“And suddenly, the war broke out.”
A week into the fighting, he fled with his wife, two young daughters and a number of other families including pregnant women and small children.
They walked for hours, following directions from locals towards field stations run by the Libyan Red Crescent.
As front lines shifted, they kept moving, from the suburbs of Gasr ben Ghachir and Ain Zara to two different schools in Tripoli.
“Every time we arrived somewhere, the war followed us,” he said.
‘We have no choice’
Most migrants in Libya share the same goal -Europe- hoping their perilous journeys will not have been in vain.
Visibly exhausted, one man said he was detained by a non-Libyan armed group in the desert on his way towards the capital.
“They raped my wife.. she is two months pregnant and I don’t know if it’s my child or not,” he said.
Standing not far from him, 26-year-old Jihan Hussein arrived Tripoli some seven months ago after a dangerous trip through the desert with her husband and two children.
“We suffered on the road… we’ve suffered here,” she said, her face framed by a striped black-and-white veil.
She says that after they arrived in the capital a man approached her husband and asked if he was looking for work.
“He took him and since then we’ve had no news.”
She has sought shelter in the skeletons of destroyed buildings, living a life on the streets where she says she’s been raped.
“We’re tired,” she sighed.
“I have no money.. I’m ready to sell one of my organs. If I have to sell a kidney I’ll do it and I’ll take the journey by sea to Europe. We have no choice.”
Ethiopia plans ban on motorbikes in Addis Ababa to curb crime spree
“Exceptions will be made to those conducting licensed businesses with motorcycles.” -Addis Ababa Mayor
Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa plans to ban motorcycles in the city from July in a bid to curb a spree of muggings and robberies, local authorities said on Wednesday.
Addis Ababa mayor, Takele Uma said motorbikes had been used in recent crimes and the city would prohibit them from July 7 though people using bikes for business may be exempt.
“Exceptions will be made to those conducting licensed businesses with motorcycles as well as those who use motorcycles as postal carriers and motorcycles affiliated to embassies,” the mayor told reporters.
Addis Ababa, a city of an estimated five million, is generally considered safe for residents and foreigners. But a growing number of violent crimes involving suspects on motorbikes or in cars has caused recent alarms.
The mayor said the proposed ban came after a study of criminal activities in the city found a significant number were carried out using motorcycles.
Takele said the Addis Ababa municipal administration will also impose a ban on trips by most freight vehicles in the city during daytime to alleviate traffic congestion in the capital.
Two police officers killed in attack on police station in Niger
It is the closest attack to the city yet in a long-running insurgency by suspected jihadists.
Two policemen were killed late Tuesday when gunmen attacked a police station on the northern edge of the Niger capital Niamey, a security official said.
It is the closest attack to the city yet in a long-running insurgency by suspected jihadists.
“The toll is two dead and four wounded, two of them serious,” the security source said Wednesday.
“We heard gunfire coming from the station at 11:00 pm (22:00 GMT),” a witness told reporters, speaking on condition of anonymity.
The police station is at the northern entrance to the city, on the highway from Ouallam, about 100 kilometres (60 miles) away.
Police investigators were on the scene on Wednesday morning, a reporter saw.
Niger, a large state in the heart of the Sahel region, is grappling with attacks by jihadist groups in the west of the country, and raids by Boko Haram Islamists in the south, near the border with Nigeria.
Eighty-eight civilians were killed by Boko Haram in March alone, and more than 18,000 villagers forced to flee their homes, according to the United Nations.
On June 8, a US military vehicle was hit by an improvised explosive device as it entered a firing range near Ouallam for a joint training exercise.
Niger hosts an estimated 800 US troops, the largest American deployment in Africa.
The scale of the US presence came to light in October 2018, when four US and five Nigerien troops were killed in an ambush by fighters affiliated to the so-called Islamic State group.
Security is tight in Niamey, with high-profile deployment of the military and police checkpoints on the highways into town.
The city is due to host a summit of the African Union (AU) on July 7 and 8.
Morsi gains popularity after death, supporters confer martyr status
Morsi’s supporters have quickly given him the status of a “martyr”.
Unpopular in power and deposed after huge protests, Egypt’s ex-president Mohamed Morsi could be humanised in the eyes of many Egyptians after his death in court Monday.
“It is sad, from a strictly human point of view”, a trader in central Cairo said of the former head of state, who had been imprisoned since his 2013 fall from power, and was buried on Tuesday.
“He was old and ill. Whatever one thinks of the political situation, his death while the court was in-session shows that those who judged him were not good people”, the trader said, on condition of anonymity.
Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood is banned in Egypt and he was appealing a 2015 death sentence, making both the man and his organisation extremely sensitive topics in the country.
While Morsi’s supporters have quickly given him the status of a “martyr”, Egyptian authorities appear keen to avoid a wave of empathy from citizens, who largely favoured the uprising that deposed him.
His rapid burial on Tuesday morning took place extremely discreetly and under heavy surveillance, while the public and the press were forbidden from attending.
‘Death symbolically important’ –
Morsi came to power in 2012 in elections that took place the year after a popular uprising that deposed president Hosni Mubarak, who had headed an authoritarian regime for three decades.
Spurred on by mass demonstrations against Morsi’s own rule, the army ousted him on July 3, 2013 and Egypt declared the Brotherhood a “terrorist organisation”.
Ever since, the government has cracked down heavily on opponents, especially on members of the Islamist organisation.
The official narrative, regularly broadcast by Egyptian TV channels — which are all behind the regime — is that the Brotherhood are “terrorists” who harm the country’s interests.
Since Morsi’s death was announced, some channels have hosted “experts” denouncing the “violence” and “lies” perpetrated by the group.
On Tuesday morning, pro-government newspapers only briefly mentioned Morsi’s death, without referencing his status as a former president.
TV channels devoted most of their airtime to a visit by current President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi — Morsi’s former defence minister, who ultimately toppled him before being elected head of state in 2014 — to Belarus.
“As a president, Mohamed Morsi was not very popular among Egyptians — in fact he was unpopular, he was seen as uncharismatic, indecisive, very unsteady,” said Fawaz Gerges, professor of international relations at the London School of Economics.
But “his death in a courtroom will humanise him in the eyes of many Egyptians” who do not support the Brotherhood, Gerges added.
While Morsi was not a great leader for the Brotherhood, “his death will be symbolically important” and could drive radical elements of the group to take up arms against the authorities, Gerges said.
Since its founding in 1928, the Muslim Brotherhood has faced numerous waves of repression by Egyptian governments, which have been dominated by the military since 1952.
Morsi’s death adds to a long list of what the Brotherhood call martyrs, including the group’s founder Hassan al-Banna, who was assassinated in 1949 by Egypt’s secret police.
Another key figure, Sayyed Qotb — one of the movement’s main ideologues and an inspiration behind its radicalism — was executed in August 1966 by Gamal Abdel Nasser’s regime, which fiercely repressed the Brotherhood.
But for Zack Gold, an analyst at the CNA research centre in the United States, it is “unlikely Morsi’s death will result in any immediate rise in the security threat to Egypt”.
Jihadist movements — sympathetic or not to the Brotherhood — are already very active in Egypt, particularly the Islamic State group in North Sinai, the Middle East security expert said.
Since 2013, hundreds of Egyptian soldiers, police and also civilians have been killed in attacks.
“In the long term, it would be concerning if the government pre-emptively arrested large numbers out of concern for street protests or other outbursts in the wake of Morsi’s death,” Gold said.
Conditions in Egypt’s prisons “have a track record of radicalising individuals”, he noted.
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