Gabonese President Ali Bongo Ondimba, in his first televised speech since he returned to the country after a long absence due to a stroke, on Saturday called on his prime minister to form a new government.
He called for a smaller government, capable of being “exemplary, honest and ethical”.
Ali Bongo last month sacked his vice president and forestry minister following a scandal over the smuggling of precious timber.
The recorded speech came more than two months after his return to the country after a five-month absence in Morocco, where he was recovering from a stroke.
And it came as the country marked the 10th anniversary of the death of his father, Omar Bongo Ondimba, who ruled the country before him for 41 years.
Television pictures showed Ali Bongo, his wife and senior politicians at a mass in his memory in the presidential palace on the seafront of the capital Libreville.
Saturday’s speech was the first speech by the president since before his stroke.
But apart from a few words spoken on his return to the country in late March, he has said nothing in public since.
During his extended absence, the army quashed a brief attempted coup.
When he did return, on March 23, some opposition politicians called for a judicial enquiry into his state of health to determine if he was still capable of leading the country.
Ali Bongo took office after an election in 2009 that followed the death of his father.
Journalists’ association condemns police threats in Somali
Police at a checkpoint near the site of Saturday’s bombing in Mogadishu, which killed eight people
A Somali journalists’ association Sunday slammed the actions of police who it said threatened to shoot reporters trying to access the scene of a car bombing near parliament and warned of a “worsening situation” for the country’s press.
Police at a checkpoint near the site of Saturday’s bombing in Mogadishu, which killed eight people and was claimed by the Al-Shabaab jihadist group, stopped a group of reporters from international newsgroups.
“When the journalists tried to explain to the police about their reporting mission, a police officer fired two bullets (in the) air and then pointed his rifle on Jama Nur’s head, according to Jama Nur Ahmed and two other colleagues,” the Somali Journalists Syndicate (SJS) said in a statement.
Also in the group were journalists from Reuters, AFP and Turkey’s Anadolu news agency, followed by a second wave of reporters who were similarly denied access.
“The journalists said the police officers told them they had orders restricting journalist coverage at the scenes of attacks and threatened that any journalist who tries to film will either be shot dead or his/her equipment will be broken resulting (in) the journalists to return back from the scene,” said the SJS.
It charged Somali police treat journalists “like criminals”, preventing them from doing their work of reporting on events in the country. “This is a symptom of a worsening situation against journalists in Somalia”.
It said that on May 14 police confiscated reporters’ equipment, detained a cameraman, and beat up two others trying to report on another Mogadishu explosion.
AFP has documented several incidents in recent months of journalists being intimidated and threatened and their equipment seized while trying to report on Shabaab attacks.
The SJS called on the Ministry of Information, the commissioner of police and the office of the prime minister to open an investigation, “and take appropriate steps against those responsible.”
“We call the highest offices of the government including that of the Office of the Prime Minister to intervene in order to for the journalists to report freely and accurately without fear,” said the statement.
Gabon appoints popular environmentalist, ‘Mr. Green’ as new forestry minister
Lee White, who has lived in Gabon for three decades and is a citizen, takes over one of the most sensitive jobs in the country.
Here’s your new job: You have to protect the country’s precious tropical forests. You have to stop illegal logging and fight the entrenched corruption backed by powerful forces which goes with it. By the way, you are a committed environmentalist — and you are foreign-born.
This is the challenge facing Lee White, a green activist born in Britain, who this week was named minister of water and forests in Gabon.
White, who has lived in Gabon for three decades and is a citizen, takes over one of the most sensitive jobs in the country.
Long-running tensions between logging and conservation have been sharpened by corruption and falling revenues from oil, Gabon’s main money-earner.
“My appointment was a surprise for many people here,” White admitted in an interview with reporters after President Ali Bongo Odimba appointed him on Monday.
He said Bongo had asked him to “put an end to bad practices… (as well as) the corruption in the ministry”.
White acknowledged the scale of the tasks ahead.
“We have to sustainably manage the Gabonese forest to improve the living environment of the Gabonese people, to stabilise its natural treasures and to preserve our ecosystems,” he said.
Almost 80 per cent of Gabon is covered by forests.
The forestry sector is a historic pillar of the economy, accounting for 17,000 jobs and 60 per cent of output excluding oil.
About a quarter of Gabon’s population live in rural areas, and many people depend on the forests for food and livelihood.
At the same time, the forests themselves are a treasure trove of biodiversity, much of it rare or endangered.
They are a haven for great apes, forest elephants and the black panther, as well as rare species of trees, some of them giants towering up to 60 metres (200 feet) high.
White, 53, was born in the northwestern English city of Manchester but grew up in Uganda — in a biography he recalls fighting at school with the son of former dictator Idi Amin.
In 1989, he arrived in Gabon, where he studied for a doctorate in zoology.
He took up Gabonese nationality in 2008 and the following year took over as head of the National Parks Agency (ANPN), a massive conservation project of 13 wildlife zones set up by the late president Omar Bongo, the incumbent’s father.
He was decorated by Queen Elizabeth II in 2010 for his dedication to nature conservation in Central Africa.
Lee’s high-profile defence of the rainforest and wildlife — often with the verdant Raponda Walker Arboretum near Libreville as a backdrop — made him a familiar face in the national media, which dubbed him “Monsieur Vert” (“Mister Green”).
Bongo turned to him for the job after firing the last forestry minister over a timber-smuggling scandal.
Analysts say the job will require remarkable skills, juggling tact and principles, as well as rock-solid support from the top.
“This appointment can only be good news for protectors of the environment in Gabon,” said Gaspard Abitsi, director of a US-based NGO, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), in Gabon.
“He is perfectly familiar with the challenges of conservation on a national and international level.”
Others are more cautious about the prospects of reform.
“There are enormous management problems at the ANPN, and this agency only accounts for 10 per cent of the land,” said Marc Ona, president of an NGO called the Brainforest Association and a member of the opposition.
“From now on, Lee White will have to manage all of the forests in Gabon… If he hasn’t succeeded at the ANPN, why would he succeed with the whole expanse of the territory?”
“The problem,” said Ona, “is not which individual heads the ministry but the whole forestry system, which is corrupt.”
In a report issued in March, a British NGO, the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) pointed the finger at a Chinese group, Dejia, which has wide-spreading logging interest in the Congo Basin.
It accused the firm of exceeding its logging quotas and spinning a web of patronage extending to ministers as well as the opposition.
The then forestry minister, Guy Bertrand Mapangou, initially lashed the report as biased and “inquisitorial” and seeking to “discredit” the country.
But within weeks, the government suspended Dejia’s licence at two logging sites.
On May 21, it fired Mapangou and Vice President, Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou over the so-called “kevazingogate” scandal.
In February and March, authorities had seized nearly 5,000 cubic meters (176,000 cubic feet) of banned kevazingo wood — the equivalent of about 150 large container-loads, valued at around $8 million (seven million euros).
The contraband timber was found at storage sites belonging to Chinese companies at Libreville’s Owendo port — some of it disguised in containers bearing the stamp of the forestry ministry.
Kevazingo, also known as bubinga, takes many years to mature. Logging the wood is illegal in Gabon, but the temptation to flout the ban is huge. In Asia, kevazingo can fetch up to $2,000 per cubic metre.
Cameroon government, separatists nowhere close to dialogue
The UN estimates that since 2017, about 1,800 people have been killed and more than 530,000 displaced with 1.3 million in need.
Prospects for talks between authorities and separatist movements to end escalating violence in Cameroon’s English-speaking region are slim, a senior human rights official said on Friday, dismissing assertions by both sides to be open to dialogue.
A separatist insurgency broke out in 2017 following a government crackdown on peaceful protests in the English-speaking Northwest and Southwest, which complain of being marginalised by the French-speaking majority.
Prime Minister Joseph Dion Ngute has said the government would be willing to talk to the rebels, but would not consider their demand for secession – a position hardline separatists have said they will never accept.
Eleven movements representing Anglophone Cameroon, including the main armed factions, last month said they were willing to enter mediated discussions with the state.
But almost daily violence from both sides has intensified, forcing thousands of civilians to seek refuge in Cameroon’s French-speaking regions and neighbouring countries.
“There is no desire for dialogue … The abuses are coming from both sides and the civilians are finding themselves in the middle,” Ilaria Allegrozzi, Senior Central Africa Researcher at Human Rights Watch, told reporters in Paris.
“The position of the government is an almost complete denial … and there is total impunity for the violence.”
Allegrozzi said separatists were not in denial of the scale of the crisis, but of human rights abuses by their fighters.
The oil, cocoa and timber-producing nation was among western Africa’s most settled until a few years ago.
But the United Nations estimates that, since 2017, about 1,800 people have been killed and more than 530,000 displaced with 1.3 million in need. Authorities have promised to act over accusations of rights violations by security personnel.
Allegrozzi, who was refused entry to the country in May over her research, said divisions amongst armed separatist groups could be an obstacle to form a platform to negotiate, an element the government was using to its advantage.
She cited an International Crisis Group report putting the number of separatists fighters at about 2,000-4,000 fighters and there was evidence that they were acquiring more sophisticated weaponry.
The crisis has tended to slip beneath the international radar given President Paul Biya’s close cooperation with Western states in the fight against Islamist militant group Boko Haram in West and central Africa.
But the United States has become increasingly critical of the government and the separatist crisis was discussed for the first time at the U.N. Security Council last month.
Allegrozzi said the Anglophone population was increasingly in tune with idea of independence. “There is a growing feeling of support towards the separatists and secession,” she said.
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