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Nigeria’s Parliament elects Ahmad Lawan as Senate President, others

Lawan who had the backing of the president scored 79 votes to defeat fellow party member, Senator Ali Ndume.

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Nigeria's Parliament elects Ahmad Lawan as Senate President, others

Senators in Nigeria’s upper parliament have elected Senator Ahmad Lawan representing Yobe North as the new President of the Nigerian Senate.

Lawan who has the backing of President Muhammadu Buhari and the ruling All Progressives Congress was overwhelmingly voted with 79 votes defeating fellow party member, Senator Ali Ndume representing Borno South, who despite the backing of the opposition Peoples Democratic Party got 28 votes.

107 senators-elect were present at the inauguration of the 9th Senate out of a statutory 109.

Senators were jubilant after Lawan’s declaration by Clerk of the National Assembly, Sani Omolori at the Tuesday inaugural proceeding in the country’s capital, Abuja. It had in attendance governors of various states, observers and top bureaucrats in the Buhari administration.

Intense lobbying and horse-trading –

Senator representing Delta Central in the APC surprisingly emerged as Deputy Senate President after defeating immediate past Senate President, Ike Ekweremadu of the PDP, in a keenly contested election. Omo-Agege got 68 votes while Ekweremadu had 37 votes.

Ekweremadu, a former Chairman of the ECOWAS Parliament, had been Nigeria’s Deputy Senate President for twelve years since 2007.

Omo-Agege emerged despite the last minute alliances between opposition Peoples Democratic Party and some elements of the ruling party, APC.

“Congratulations to the new Senate President of the 9th National Assembly, Ahmed Lawan,” said ruling party chairman, Adams Oshiomole in a tweet.

After the emergence of the Deputy Senate President from the ruling party unlike in recent past, Oshiomhole tweeted another congratulatory message “Victory at last. Victory for everyone. #NASS #NASSElection #9thAssembly”

US urges lawmakers to tackle insecurity, national challenges –

Deputy Chief of Mission at the US Embassy, Kathleen FitzGibbon, who was in parliament during the election called on the new leadership of the National Assembly to help towards tacking insecurity in Nigeria.

“We wish and hope that the National Assembly can get to work as soon as possible to solve some of the critical issues in the country like insecurity, development among others.” FitzGibbon who represented U.S Ambassador to Nigeria, Stuart Symington told the News Agency of Nigeria in an interview. “I am sure everybody here is looking forward to doing just that.”

“APC have the Senate President and the Deputy Senate President they wanted. Leaves zero room for stories and excuses. I hope Mr. President will send his list of ministers immediately. There is no need to waste time over a list that won’t surprise anyone,” popular blogger Japheth Omojuwa said in a tweet.

Other Nigerians are tasking the re-elected government and ruling party to deliver on its campaign promises focused on providing security, boosting economy and fighting corruption.

The House of Representatives was still voting at the time of this report. Majority Leader, Femi Gbajabiamila and Ahmad Wase of the ruling All Progressives Congress are expected to emerge as Speaker and Deputy Speaker after endorsements by party officials and fellow lawmakers. Umar Bago is opposing the duo.

Unlike in 2015 when the ruling APC shared power with opposition PDP in the position of Deputy Senate President, the situation has changed due to the direct intervention of President Buhari and top party officials who, on the eve of the election, read out a riot act to lawmakers on the need to toe party line.

By protocol arrangements, the Senate President is the number three citizen of Nigeria and Speaker of House of Representatives is the number four citizen of the country; after President Buhari and his Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo.

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East Africa Politics News

Burundi’s opposition party confirms vandalism of its 18 offices

Inauguration of the new offices on Sunday had been called off upon request of the mayor of Bujumbura

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Burundi's opposition leader Agathon Rwasa says its 18 offices have been vandalised

A Burundian opposition party said Sunday that 18 of its offices had been destroyed in the past two months, condemning acts of “intimidation” by the ruling party. The National Freedom Council (CNL) – a new party formed by main opposition leader Agathon Rwasa – said it was on Sunday meant to inaugurate nine new offices in the capital.

However one “was destroyed during the night by members of the ruling party,” said party spokesman Therence Manirambona. A photo seen by a reporter showed the windows and doors ripped off and walls partially destroyed.

Manirambona said it was the “18th to be vandalised in two months across the country… and each time we are told an investigation is underway to identify those responsible, but nothing has come of it”.

Some have been set ablaze, others partially or totally destroyed, while some have been smeared with human faeces, said the CNL. The ruling Cndd-FDD has repeatedly denied being behind the attacks.

Manirambona said the inauguration of the new offices on Sunday had been called off upon request of the mayor of Bujumbura after clashes erupted between CNL supporters and members of the ruling party.

He said the CNL’s Bujumbura representative Jean-Claude Kwizera had been detained by police for several hours after the incident.

Burundi has been locked in crisis since President Pierre Nkurunziza in April 2015 announced he would seek a controversial third term in office, sparking civil unrest that has left 1,200 dead and over 400,000 displaced.

Constitutional reforms adopted in May after a referendum open the way for Nkurunziza to seek another two terms in office in 2020, however, he has assured he will not do so.

A UN Commission of Inquiry last year said it believed the government was committing crimes against humanity such as summary executions, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detention, torture and sexual violence.  

The CNL has denounced the arrests, torture and disappearances of its members. “Unfortunately we have seen an increase in acts of harassment and political intimidation as 2020 approaches,” said the party spokesman.

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North Africa Politics

President declares state of emergency in 2 provinces due to ethnic violence in Chad

The state of emergency will run for three months in Sila and Ouaddai regions

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Chad President Idriss Deby declared a state of emergency in two eastern provinces

Chad President Idriss Deby declared a state of emergency in two eastern provinces on Sunday after violent intercommunal clashes left dozens dead earlier this month.

The state of emergency will run for three months in Sila and Ouaddai regions bordering Sudan where 50 people have died since August 9 in fighting between cattle herders and settled farmers, the president’s office said.

“From now, we will deploy military forces who are going to ensure the security of the population in the region,” Deby said while on a trip to Sila. “We must disarm all the civilians who have weapons in their hands,” he continued.

Eastern Chad is in the grip of a cycle of violence between nomadic camel herders and sedentary farmers from the Ouaddian community. Herders have for decades moved their livestock through the Ouaddai region in rotations between summer and winter pastures.

Most of the herders’ animals belong to the president’s Zaghawa ethnic group, and the farmers say they often escape censure when unrest breaks out between the two sides. Similar conflicts between herders and farmers erupt in other African countries, notably Nigeria.

Drought and population growth have aggravated the conflict, while an influx of weapons from conflict-stricken neighbours have made it even more deadly. Deby earlier this month blamed the surge in violence partly fon an influx of guns to the former French colony from conflict zones in neighbouring Libya, Central African Republic and Sudan, where a protest movement ousted the president in April.

“The government has created special disarmament units. We take away the weapons, but the next day more arrives,” he said. The president described the violence as a “national concern”, adding: “We are witnessing a terrible phenomenon.”

“Those with guns are not hesitating to shoot the police. We must wage a total war against those who carry weapons and are killing people,” he said at the time. Legislative elections in Chad are scheduled to take place by the end of the year. They have been postponed several times since 2015 as Deby, who got into power in 1990, looks to maintain his rule of the country.

Deby hinted in June that military courts may be reintroduced in a bid to curb unrest, a suggestion denounced by the country’s opposition. Military justice, applied to civilians as well as the armed forces, was abolished in Chad in 1993. In 2016, the country also scrapped the death penalty, except for “terrorism”

Deby said the decades-long conflict over land in Ouaddai had spread since the start of this year to other regions where previously the communities lived side by side in an “exemplary” manner. He cited Sila where he said more than 40 people had been killed since January.

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Central Africa Politics

Ali Bongo joins independence celebration in Libreville

The public outings were the first time Gabonese have seen their leader beyond the presidential palace since he fell ill last October

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Ali Bongo joins independence celebration in Libreville
Gabon's President Ali Bongo (C-L) and his wife Sylvia Bongo (C-R) sit on the tribune as they attend a parade during the country's independence day celebration in Libreville, on August 17, 2019, marking its independence from France in 1960. - Ali Bongo on August 17, 2019 made a rare public appearance to attend the country's independence day celebrations, nearly ten months after suffering a stroke that fueled speculation about his ability to rule. (Photo by Steve JORDAN / AFP)

Gabon’s President Ali Bongo on Saturday made a rare public appearance to attend the country’s independence day celebrations, nearly ten months after suffering a stroke that fueled speculation about his ability to rule. 

Bongo, whose every move is scrutinised for signs of his state of health, on Friday made his first public appearance since his illness, taking part in events on the eve of celebrations to mark Gabon’s independence. 

The public outings were the first time Gabonese have seen their leader beyond the presidential palace since he fell ill last October, except for appearances filmed and edited by Gabonese government or state media.

Standing straight in an army vehicle, in a dark suit and dark glasses, Bongo on Saturday arrived at the military parade on Libreville’s main boulevard along the capital’s seafront. 

President Ali Bongo of Gabon on August 16, 2019 made his first live appearance in public nearly 10 months after suffering a stroke, attending ceremonies in the capital Libreville. (Photo by STEVE JORDAN / AFP)

Early on Saturday morning, many people had flocked to the seafront, trying to make their way through many security barriers to catch a glimpse of their leader.

“There are people who said he was sick, but he was able to greet us,” said Mama Youssouf, a young spectator in the crowd.

Speculation about 60-year-old Bongo’s capacity to rule the country surged after he suffered a stroke while in Saudi Arabia.

He was flown to Morocco for treatment, returning in January. During his extended absence, the army quashed a brief attempted coup.

Ten members of Gabon’s political opposition, civil society and trade union movement have filed a suit requesting Bongo be assessed to see whether he is medically fit to continue in office.

A lower court dismissed the case in May, saying only the two houses of parliament, or the Constitutional Court acting for the government, were empowered to determine whether the president was unfit.

But the Court of Appeal has said it would hear an appeal by the plaintiffs and set a date for it — August 26.

Bongo succeeded his father Omar Bongo, who became head of state in 1967 and died in June 2009, leaving a legacy of corruption allegations.

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