Incumbent president, Mutharika faces opposition from his own VP Saulos Chilima and former baptist preacher, Lazarus Chakwera.
In March, Burundi forced the United Nations to shut its local rights office after 23 years
A major issue at these elections will be corruption, following a series of high-profile scandals in the past decade.
As the war rages on, Machar is concerned about his personal security should he return to the capital, Juba.
Perhaps, one of the most prominent Kakuma stories of recent is that of Somali-American supermodel, Halima Aden.
Under Ethiopia's previous government, the NISS was accused by rights groups of overseeing the torture and murder of dissidents.
Representatives of the parties gathered in Addis for a meeting called by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Crowds of people held rallies in several suburbs of Kampala a day after the latest arrest of the politician.